Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah believed that India had never been a single country, and the myth of its unity was a means of British domination and British rule  (but it must be remembered that his criticism of British Imperialism was not a condemntation of the British nation itself: see, for instance, his toast to King George VI on 13 August 1947, the evening before the transfer of power).

The following are a few of his statements where he explains his position that the myth of a One-India is the first of the two pillars of imperialism.


Interview quoted, with approval, in Beverley Nichols, Verdict on India, p.189

The one thing which keeps the British in India is the false idea of a United India, as preached by Gandhi. A united India, I repeat, is a British creation – a myth, and a very dangerous myth, which will cause endless strife. As long as that strife exists, the British have an excuse for remaining. For once in a way, ‘divide and rule’ does not apply.

Bombay, 24 January 1943

United India means that so far as the people are concerned they have no voice and it is the rulers who will rule by manoeuvring. It is that system which the British government in India is following and desires to continue.

Aligarh, 9 March 1944

The British conception of the geographical unity of India is that British occupation and hold over India should continue indefinitely.

Lahore, 31 March, 1944

The British aim at some system of Government by means of which they may remain on the top. We know that this United India can never be free, although many young men are easily allured by the picture of a United India, having a national government of its own. It’s an impossibility.

Bombay, 14 October 1944

In their secret dispatches, statements and documents they [i.e. the British] have made it clear since India Bill was introduced [in 1858] and when the Crown assumed the Government of India, that when they say United India, they mean perpetuation [of] British Imperialist domination. They have kept us on that line for nearly a century.’ ()

Ahmedabad, 15 January 1945

British statesmen … put up the plea of a united India because they knew that it is the only way by means of which they can prolong and continue their lordship over the entire subcontinent of India.

Cairo, 19 December 1946

… and the so-called one India is only a means of British domination and British rule that preaches the maintaining of peace and social order.

Bombay, 27 March 1947

Let me tell you who brought this idea into our head. It is the British. What does it matter to Britain if India is divided or not divided? Why should the British bother? Why are they encouraging hopes against hopes [of a united India] and offer a few passages for the leadership of the country? Britain is going, it has to go away. But why should they go about talking of a united India? Because they know it better than Indians do. Therein lies their [British] salvation. Because so long as it is insisted that India is one, they know that there will be nothing but destruction and bloodshed. This has been the idea of Britain and while leaving the country the British are inspiring the armed camp.

Karachi, 11 August 1947 – the famous speech in the constituent assembly of Pakistan

Indeed, if you ask me this has been the biggest hindrance in the way of India to attain the freedom and independence and but for this we would have been free peoples long long ago.