Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali JinnahPolitician, lawyer, founder of state, father of nation


Muhammad Ali Jinnah is officially known as ‘Quaid-i-Azam’, the Great Leader, in the Islamic Republic of Pakistan founded by him in 1947. He is possibly the only leader from the twentieth century whose followers still believe that his ideas are still relevant in their entirety. In this respect his relevance has far outlived that of his better known contemporaries such as Gandhi, Hitler, Mussolini, Churchill, Roosevelt and others.

His role in history is comparable to that of Barkhia in the story of Marghdeen.

  • Offered political principles compatible with Iqbal’s concept of ‘khudi’ (selfhood) and founded Pakistan (including the present-day Bangladesh), a state based on the model of Marghdeen
  • Led the All-India Muslim League, the ‘sole representative’ organization of the Muslims of India, which was different from conventional political parties because its doors were open to all schools of thought as long as they were willing to abide by the decision of the majority
  • Possibly the only leader from the twentieth cnetury whose followers consider his ideas to be still relevant in their entirety
  • Outstanding barrister

Our object should be peace within, and peace without.

Jinnah, broadcast to the nation, 15 August 1947

Quotable quotes



Iqbal: His Life and Our Times (2014) by Khurram Ali Shafique was published jointly by Libredux UK, the Cultural Institute of Economic Cooperation Organization (Tehran) and Iqbal Academy Pakistan.

The book is the first attempt to show the relationship between Jinnah and Barkhia, the fictional founder of Marghdeen.