Malignant Democracy

October 12th, 2018|

‘Western democracy is totally unsuited to India and its imposition on India is
the disease in the body-politic.’
Jinnah, Time and Tide (London), February 1940

As already mentioned, Jinnah believed that Western democracy was the second pillar of British imperialism (by Western democracy, he meant the form of constitution ‘under which the government of the country is entrusted […]

The Traditional Democracy

August 10th, 2016|

The Traditional Democracy’ is the second part of The New State (1918) by Mary Parker Follett and comprises of 6 chapters.

The individual has a ‘psychic relation’ with the group, and it can be observed in the ‘group process’, i.e. the process through which a group produces an idea by receiving input from each and every […]

Synopsis of ‘Introduction’ to The New State

June 6th, 2016|

Naturalism and twentieth century literature

April 5th, 2001|

This article was published in Dawn, The Review, sometime in April 2001. It was based on the postulate of Ayn Rand that the only fundamental alternative is non-existence or existence. Since then, I have become more mindful of the criticism Iqbal had offered on such a proposition (even before Rand had expressed it) in his […]


August 24th, 2000|

Dawn, The Review, August 24-30, 2000

Somewhere around 430 BC in Greece, a man in his mid-fifties completed a medium sized book on which he had been working all his life. The book was about the heroic struggle between his own people, the Greeks, and the mighty empire of the Persians. But this political story was […]

Analyzing Aristotle

August 10th, 2000|

Dawn, The Review, August 10-16, 2000

It would be erroneous to call anyone the father of all knowledge, but if such a title were to be given to a single person, it would have to be Aristotle.

This great old man of Greece lived more than 23 centuries ago, but his stamp can still be seen […]