Emperor Akbar

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One-India Fallacy

October 12th, 2018|

‘…and the so-called one India is only a means
of British domination and British rule…’
Jinnah, Cairo, December 19, 1946

According to Jinnah, there never was any doubt that the British wanted to lead India ‘ultimately’ to freedom and independence, persistent with the ‘great ideal’ of Commonwealth (see his toast to King George VI). However, according to him, […]

Anarkali

May 1st, 2005|

Dawn, Images, May 1, 2005.

According to one contemporary account, Anarkali was in her forties or older when she was suspected of having an affair with the heir apparent, Prince Salim, who was in the thirtieth year of his life and father to at least three sons from numerous wives. Salim’s father, the otherwise enlightened Emperor […]

Aurangzeb

December 7th, 2000|

This article was originally pubished in Dawn, The Review, sometime in December 2000. Today, I cannot present it without a postcript, which has been added at the end, to highlight a few important points that need to be revised in my opinion. No changes (except spelling and typos) have been made in the text itself.

“My […]

Cleopatra – The doomed Pharaoh

October 5th, 2000|

Dawn, The Review, 5-11 October 2000

Half-Greek, half-Persian and all Egyptian, Cleopatra was a woman who asserted her authority in a man’s world on her own terms. Historians, mostly men, have rarely forgiven her for that, while the fascination she has held for generations is comparable to that of Alexander the Great.

A descendant of the Greek […]

Shahjahan: the rigid ruler

September 21st, 2000|

Dawn, The Review, sometime in September 2000

If ever there was a man who lived by the dictates of mind completely ignoring the voice of his heart, it was the Mughal emperor Shahjahan. Ironically, he is best remembered as the lover who built the famous Taj Mahal for his sweetheart.

Shahjahan’s life is an interesting case study […]

Humayun

September 7th, 2000|

Dawn, The Review, September 7-13, 2000

‘What’s your sun sign?’ The answer to this question could decide one’s appointment to the civil services in the days of Humayun, if one is to believe the story that he organized his entire administration on astrological elements. According to this account, for instance, the officers belonging to water signs […]