Friedrich Nietzsche

/Tag:Friedrich Nietzsche

Aristocratic radicalism

October 12th, 2018|

‘That is where I am at variance with the Congress.
They do not want the independence of India…’
Jinnah, Central Legislative Assembly, 19 November 1940

Gandhi, the Indian National Congress, the Hindu Mahasabha, the All-India Hindu League, the Liberal Federation and some other little bodies were ‘one and the same,’ according to Jinnah. He called them the high […]

The “Apologists”

March 1st, 2008|

Iqbal Review, Volume 52, Number 2, 4. April, October 2011, pp.55-72

The following is the third chapter of a small book submitted to Iqbal Academy Pakistan in March 2008 as a draft requiring further improvement. Without my knowledge and permission, this chapter ended up as a research paper in the Academy’s journal Iqbal Review, and both […]

Iqbal in the mind of Europe

March 1st, 2008|

Iqbal Review, Volume 51, Number 2, 4. April, October 2010, pp.29-59

The following is part of a document submitted to Iqbal Academy Pakistan in March 2008 for publication as a small book, Iqbal in the Mind of Europe – an overview of the Western interpretations of Iqbal. It was supposed to undergo some further improvement but […]

New discoveries about the Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam

July 2nd, 2007|

Iqbal Review, Volume 48, Number 2, April 2007, pp.36-57

The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam is seen as a problematic writing of Iqbal. The reason may be that although much has been written about the book, it has never been subjected to a linguistic analysis. That is what I intend to do in this paper […]

Books I will never forget

January 7th, 2001|

This article was published in Dawn, Young World, sometime in 2001. The ellipses (…) in the text do not mean omissions but rather they appear just like that in the original. An insertion that appears in square brackets is new addition for clarification.

When I was seven years old my parents got worried because I didn’t […]