Indian National Congress

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Jinnah on the Congress demand for ‘Shariah’ rule

November 11th, 2018|

‘This is only a subterfuge on their part intended to mislead the Muslims…’
(Jinnah, 28 June 1947)

On 3 June 1947, the British Government announced its acceptance of the principle of federation suggested by the All-India Muslim League, i.e. two sovereign states should be formed in Indian subcontinent on the basis of the ‘agreed consent’ of the […]

Aristocratic radicalism

October 12th, 2018|

‘That is where I am at variance with the Congress.
They do not want the independence of India…’
Jinnah, Central Legislative Assembly, 19 November 1940

Gandhi, the Indian National Congress, the Hindu Mahasabha, the All-India Hindu League, the Liberal Federation and some other little bodies were ‘one and the same,’ according to Jinnah. He called them the high […]

Mortal Empire, Immortal League

October 12th, 2018|

‘… the quickest way to achieve India’s freedom is
by the acceptance of the Pakistan scheme …’
(Jinnah, Bombay, 9 August 1942)

The third, and the most crucial point in Jinnah’s argument was that by demanding the partition of India on an equitable basis, the Indian Muslims demolished both pillars of British imperialism, and they did it through […]

Malignant Democracy

October 12th, 2018|

‘Western democracy is totally unsuited to India and its imposition on India is
the disease in the body-politic.’
Jinnah, Time and Tide (London), February 1940

As already mentioned, Jinnah believed that Western democracy was the second pillar of British imperialism (by Western democracy, he meant the form of constitution ‘under which the government of the country is entrusted […]

Ghosts from the past

November 6th, 2017|

The more I study the primary sources of the Pakistan movement, the more I feel that the history of the British period has seldom been written from the perspective of All-India Muslim League (which I dare call the Muslim point of view). Of course, there are a few exceptions such as Pakistan Naguzeer Thha by Syed Hasan […]

The first Swaraj scheme

October 31st, 2016|

The outline scheme of Swaraj drafted on the Congress Khilafat Swaraj Party, prepared by Mr. C. R. Das, was laid before a meeting of leading member of the New Party at Bombay on January 29, 1923. There was no time to discuss it properly. Many of the members present (from almost all the larger Congress […]