Mughal Empire

/Tag:Mughal Empire

Anarkali

April 19th, 2017|

This article was published in Dawn, Images, May 1, 2005.

According to one contemporary account, Anarkali was in her forties or older when she was suspected of having an affair with the heir apparent, Prince Salim, who was in the thirtieth year of his life and father to at least three sons from numerous wives. Salim’s […]

Tamerlane

February 9th, 2017|

This article was published in Dawn, The Review, November 9-15, 2000. I stand corrected about my statement: ‘There is a less reliable tradition that in Damascus, Taimur held discourse with the famous historian and sociologist Ibn-e-Khaldun.’ In fact, it is the report of the meeting between Taimur and the poet Hafiz that has been questioned […]

Akbar the Great

October 27th, 2016|

This article was pubished in Dawn, The Review, sometime in August 2000.

He was raised like an orphan. Not that his parents were dead, but his father was in exile and the little infant was in the custody of its uncle. A merciless uncle he was, for he had wrung the infant, barely a few months […]

At the altar of sacrifice

October 1st, 2016|

This article was published in Dawn, The Review, November 23-39, 2000

Khanzadeh Begum is one of the forgotten women of history. She played an important role in the careers of Babur and Humayun, and was a pillar of the Mughal dynasty in its formative phase. The early historians, including Babur himself, mention her, but the modern […]

Dara Shikoh: a daydream

August 30th, 2016|

This article was published in Dawn, The Review, March 15-21, 2001. Since then, I have reconsidered my opinion about how the personality of Emperor Jahangir may have influenced his two grandsons, Dara Shikoh and Aurangzeb. I hope to offer my revised opinion in a separate post soon. I have not changed anything in the article […]