socialism

/Tag:socialism

Aristocratic radicalism

October 12th, 2018|

‘That is where I am at variance with the Congress.
They do not want the independence of India…’
Jinnah, Central Legislative Assembly, 19 November 1940

Gandhi, the Indian National Congress, the Hindu Mahasabha, the All-India Hindu League, the Liberal Federation and some other little bodies were ‘one and the same,’ according to Jinnah. He called them the high […]

Naturalism and twentieth century literature

April 5th, 2001|

This article was published in Dawn, The Review, sometime in April 2001. It was based on the postulate of Ayn Rand that the only fundamental alternative is non-existence or existence. Since then, I have become more mindful of the criticism Iqbal had offered on such a proposition (even before Rand had expressed it) in his […]

Portrayal of women in the stories of Saadat Hasan Manto

May 13th, 1999|

Dawn, The Review, May 13-19, 1999

There seems to be no rest for the poor soul of Saadat Hasan Manto. While he was alive the conservatives held him in abuse for advocating women’s freedom. Now, in the so-called post-feminist age of literary criticism he seems to have become a popular target for energetic novices of criticism […]