“The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam”

/Tag:"The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam"

Aristocratic radicalism

October 12th, 2018|

‘That is where I am at variance with the Congress.
They do not want the independence of India…’
Jinnah, Central Legislative Assembly, 19 November 1940

Gandhi, the Indian National Congress, the Hindu Mahasabha, the All-India Hindu League, the Liberal Federation and some other little bodies were ‘one and the same,’ according to Jinnah. He called them the high […]

The emergence of a ‘new human being’

March 3rd, 2016|

Seminar, 3 March 2016

Some widespread beliefs of our times are being questioned here, such as the notion that we are living in an age of spiritual decline.

In this paper it is argued that it was no coincidence that between 1887 and 1946, the Indian Muslim community collectively adopted three successive goals and achieved each of […]

Who wants to be enlightened by Iqbal?

November 9th, 2012|

The Express Tribune, 9 November, 2012

Iqbal was on his way to the Third Round Table Conference, which was going to be held in London at the end of 1932. In Bombay, a representative of the Roznamah-e-Khilafat asked him on his position if the Hindu majority of British India accepted 13 out of the 14 points […]

Multiple intelligences according to Iqbal

December 16th, 2010|

Iqbal Review, Volume 52, Number 2, 4. April, October 2011, pp.123-130

The following paper was submitted in December 2010 but has come out only recently in 2018 in a backdated issue of the journal. The  ‘Abstract’ that appears in the journal was not written by me and I am not including it here – 25 July […]

Iqbal: the Dream of Reality

November 9th, 2009|

Originally published on Dawn Blog, 9 November 2009, with the caption, “In his prose work, Allama Muhammad Iqbal foresaw the trajectory of the Pakistani masses, writes Khurram Ali Shafique.”

The best resource for understanding the work of Allama Iqbal is the collective experience of the Pakistani masses, including the unschooled. Call it a dream, but I […]

The “Apologists”

March 1st, 2008|

Iqbal Review, Volume 52, Number 2, 4. April, October 2011, pp.55-72

The following is the third chapter of a small book submitted to Iqbal Academy Pakistan in March 2008 as a draft requiring further improvement. Without my knowledge and permission, this chapter ended up as a research paper in the Academy’s journal Iqbal Review, and both […]