Marghdeen is an ideal society conceived by Dr. Sir Muhammad Iqbal (1877-1938), a foremost thinker of modern times. It is a world where life is inside-out, people know their destinies and there is no poverty, needfulness, crime or injustice. In 2017: The Battle for Marghdeen, the author shows how such a society can be achieved in a short space of time, as long as we are prepared to change our perception about the world we live in.

The book presents the basic principles for achieving Marghdeen. They are illustrated with examples from modern history. There is a special emphasis on societies which already acknowledge Iqbal as their thinker, but the principles can be applied anywhere in the world.

2017: The Battle for Marghdeen (2012) was published by Libredux, UK. Cover design by Mellowatts Design.

  • An exciting new development not only for Iqbal and Pakistan studies
  • A new approach to the field of history
  • Thinking from the heart
  • Published by Libredux UK


Khurram Ali Shafique
Khurram Ali ShafiquePresidential Iqbal Award
Khurram Ali Shafique is the author of several books on Iqbal, including “Iqbal: an Illustrated Biography”, for which he received Presidential Iqbal Award, and the recently published “Iqbal: His Life and Our Times”. He has vast experience as an educationist. He is the founder of Marghdeen Learning Centre and is the pioneer of online courses in Iqbal Studies, which he has been conducting since May 2011.


By Saleena Karim, author of Secular Jinnah and Pakistan, and Systems
Not long ago, we were still hopeful about achieving a perfect world in the foreseeable future
“Peak moments” is a name given by the author to those occasions when diverse schools of thought come to agree that a fresh goal needs to be adopted collectively. Such moments recurred every twentieth year in the Muslim community of India from 1887 to 1946, and have been recurring in Pakistan and Bangladesh ever since then.
The reason why the Indian Muslims achieved all successive goals was because they followed a guiding principle defined by their great reformer Sir Syed Ahmad Khan in 1886.
By adopting the guiding principle of Sir Syed, the Indian Muslims aligned themselves with the current of history, which has depicted seven stages since 1887.
Ten years after each peak moment has came a turning point that sets the course in the direction of the next peak moment.
A great spiritual and cultural change has already occurred in the depths of life and we only need to discover it.
Suggesting some changes in our basic positions in the domains of history, art and literature, politics, science and religious thought, and education

About the book

In this work, Mr. Shafique has looked at Pakistan (and also Bangladesh) as a case in point. The most interesting part of the cycle can be seen at stage four – the ‘freedom’ stage (1947-67). At first glance it seems that Pakistan is not moving as we might predict in light of the cycle of stages. As Mr. Shafique shows, this is because the ‘freedom’ stage marks the point at which individuals and small sections of Pakistani society actively began to focus on individualistic goals instead of collective goals. Some commentators on the history of Pakistan have similarly concluded that there is a point of departure from the ‘Pakistan idea’ in the same period. The main difference between most of these commentators and Mr. Shafique however is that Mr. Shafique has illuminated the fundamental reason for the departure in clear terms. The Pakistan idea was the Muslims’ collective basis of partition in 1947, but the point of departure also becomes manifest soon after 1947. The implications for the later stages, especially the final one we have entered as of 2007 (‘creation’), are very interesting indeed, if not alarming, depending on how one interprets the data.

Yet Mr. Shafique has also shown that surface appearances rarely if ever represent the whole of reality. In fact the decision and actions taken by a collective ego or nation are based, in his words, ‘either on the real goal collectively adopted thirty years earlier, or its misinterpretation’ (emphasis mine). What this means is that the collective ego will always choose between one of two directions, or what the Quran calls the ‘two highways’; and this has obvious implications for that much misunderstood concept called the ‘Two Nation Theory’. Again, as Mr. Shafique puts it, whether or not Pakistan proves true to herself ‘will depend, eventually, on whether or not its people manage to make its history a success story. That in itself seems to a daunting task just now, but this pattern itself might be a key to the solution’.

In other words, if the Pakistani nation can become consciously aware of its choices, it will be in a better position to make the right one and so succeed in the final phase. With this in mind, he has not only outlined the double nature of Pakistan’s path using some compelling evidence, but he has also supplied what he sees as the defining goal for the last phase, and the all-important turning point (2017) which will ultimately determine the outcome. Will Pakistan recognise her true nature? Will she transform into Marghdeen?

Whether or not Pakistan succeeds in the end, her journey through its seven stages nevertheless stands to offer invaluable information on the universal principles that motivate all nations in pursuit of a Higher goal.

And in any case, Mr. Shafique is optimistic, for he believes – based on what his theory truly implies – that there is no such thing as an evil age. Indeed he is, as Iqbal once described himself, ‘almost a fatalist in regard to the various forces that ultimately decide the destinies of nations’. This work thus presents an exciting new development not only for Iqbal and Pakistan studies, but for the field of history as well.

Excerpt from ‘Introduction’ by Saleena Karim, author of Secular Jinnah and Pakistan

Get your copy in print

The book can be ordered from many online bookstores, including the following:

Customers from Pakistan can send email to marghdeen@gmail.com to get details.

Get soft copy

Soft copy can be downloaded for free: