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What the Quaid said on August 11, 1947, and how it has been distorted

August 9th, 2016|

It seems that both the liberals and the conservatives in Pakistan have been missing the main point of the Quaid’s famous speech.

You are free; you are free to go to your temples; you are free to go to your mosques or to any other place of worship in this State of Pakistan. You may belong […]

Political Organization

August 6th, 2016|

Pakistan was created by a political organization but the organization was unlike any other. It was a new type, the technical term for which was ‘group organization’ (although the term was never used by Iqbal or the Quaid, but both were familiar with it). It was believed that the country could only be maintained through […]

Those who defied the sovereignty of Pakistan

August 4th, 2016|

Addressing the constituent assembly of Pakistan (including the present-day Bangladesh) on August 11, 1947, Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah said, ‘The first and the foremost thing that I would like to emphasize is this: remember that you are now a sovereign legislative body and you have got all the powers.’ The point is mentioned at least […]

The shortest history of Pakistan’s economy

May 25th, 2016|

Three approaches to economic planning have been tested in Pakistan. From 1947 to 1966, government and business were desired to be equal partners. From 1967 to 1986, government tried to lead business. From 1987 to 2006, business was desired to lead government. Arguably, this last approach has turned some politicians into traders, eager to sell […]

‘Introducing Iqbal’ at Warwick and Oxford

November 21st, 2015|

I got an opportunity to deliver a talk at the University of Warwick on November 9, 2015. It was later repeated at St. Edmond’s Hall, Oxford, on November 15. The title was ‘Introducing Iqbal’. Since then I have received a request to upload the transcript. I offer here the gist of my presentation. 

As a scholar […]

The shortest history of the Pakistan Movement

October 29th, 2015|

“How would you describe the ‘vital principles’ of Pakistan?” The British journalist and mystery writer Beverley Nichols asked the Quaid-i-Azam during his famous interview in 1943. “In five words,” the Quaid replied. “The Muslims are a nation.” I like it that the Quaid counted the words. This gives a finality to the statement and I am […]